Meadow Brown
Maniola jurtina

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Maniola jurtina

Male, June 2013

Maniola jurtina

Male, Switzerland, July 2014

Maniola jurtina

Female, Switzerland, July 2014

Maniola jurtina

Male, Switzerland, July 2014

Maniola jurtina

Female, July 2013 (anomalously, with twin eye-spot)

Female, Switzerland, June 2011

Meadow browns in August 2006, Switzerland

Male, Switzerland, June 2007

Male, August 2006

Female upperside (this is a very old picture)

Female, Val d'Aran

This is one of Europe's commonest butterflies - hence probably my lack of many good pictures! Although essentially an insect of grasslands it often clusters in great numbers around flowery beds in gardens, being drawn in particular to pink flowers, especially herbs like thyme and oregano. The male is rather plain, with a very little orange around the single-pupilled eye spot on the upperside of the forewing. The female is brighter, and particularly so in the south, and occasionally has two pupils in the eye spot.